The gums and connective tissues that hold your teeth in place are infected with periodontal disease—plaque and tartar build-up on and between teeth and along the gum line, starting the process. Plaque bacteria release acids and other poisons that irritate and cause inflammation of the gum tissue unless they are eradicated by regular brushing and flossing.
Stages of Gum Disease and Risk of Disease Development
Gingivitis and periodontitis are the two most common types of gum disease. Gingivitis is the first stage, and its symptoms can be reversed if treated promptly. If left unaddressed, gingivitis can progress to periodontitis, a more severe infection. Periodontitis comes in a variety of forms.
Patients with periodontal diseases are otherwise healthy individuals. The most prevalent form of periodontitis is chronic periodontitis, which is characterized by inflammation, osteoporosis, and receding gums. Gum disease can occur as a symptom of some systemic diseases.
Periodontal disease is more common in adults, but it affects infants. Patients who use tobacco products or drink excessive amounts of alcohol are at higher risk as they get older. Because poor oral hygiene is the most likely cause, the need of scheduling dental examinations for gum disease screening is emphasized.
How Can I Tell I Have Periodontitis
You can see some indicators of gum inflammation (gingivitis) on your own, such as the gum line becoming stained red or dark red and puffy and bleeding gums when brushing or flossing your teeth. On the other hand, periodontitis has the following symptoms that you can observe: The gums may be swollen and discolored, similar to gingivitis. However, because the jawbone has already lost bone, the teeth might have displaced, and vast spaces may form between them. The teeth may become loosened due to severe periodontitis, and bacterial plaque causes halitosis.